Turn Calming Program

The Turn Calming program is a citywide effort to reduce left and right turn speeds and enforce safe turning behavior. This program is part of the Vision Zero initiative to eliminate traffic fatalities and reduce severe injuries.

A car turns left around a slow turn wedge treatment, helping the driver to see a pedestrian walking in the crosswalk. Location is Lexington Ave & Marcy Ave in Brooklyn, NY
      Lexington Avenue & Marcy Avenue, Brooklyn

NYC DOT began the program as part of the Left Turn Study Action PlanXổ số hỗn hợp hôm nay to address failure to yield crashes caused by left turning vehicles. NYC DOT’s Office of Research, Implementation and Safety manages the program which includes 468 intersections with turn calming treatments citywide (as of December 2020).

Map showing locations of Turn Calming treatments in NYC between 2016 and 2020. 468 Locations Citywide.

NYC DOT chooses locations for Turn Calming treatments by reviewing several criteria including crash injuries, lane configuration and effect on large vehicles’ turning movements. View a list of locations with Turn Calming treatments.
Xổ số hỗn hợp hôm nayView an of Turn Calming treatments citywide (2016 to 2020), along with other safety information.

Turn Calming Treatments

Turn Calming treatments address intersections with problematic left and right turns, and may be installed at a variety of intersections such as:

Basic Hardened Centerline (Left Turns)

Installed where one-way or two-way road meets at two-way road

The Basic Hardened Centerline treatment constists of five pieces of rubber curb and bollards and/or rubber speed bumps installed on the centerline and extending at maximum of six feet into the intersection. Since 2016, this treatment has been installed at 302 locations, including West End Avenue and 96th Street in Manhattan.

Diagram showing an intersection of a one-way street to two-way road, with arrows showing where cars start to turn and where they end up after turning. The conflict area between turning vehicles and pedestrians is highlighted in pink.A car turns left around a basic hardened centerline treatment, helping the driver to see a pedestrian walking in the crosswalk. Location is West End Ave & 96 St in Manhattan, NY.
                               West End Avenue & 96th Street, Manhattan

Complete Hardened Centerline (Left Turns)

Installed where one-way road meets a two-way road

Xổ số hỗn hợp hôm nayThe Complete Hardened Centerline treatment includes five pieces of rubber curb and bollards and/or rubber speed bumps, “No Parking” markings and slow turn wedge/box markings coupled with flexible plastic posts. Since 2016 this treatment has been installed at 82 locations, including Grand Avenue and West Burnside Avenue in the Bronx.

Diagram showing an intersection of a one-way street to two-way road, with arrows showing where cars start to turn and where they end up after turning. The particular treatment version shown here has daylighting markings as well as box markings with rubber speed bump to further enhance the calming effect of the treatment. The conflict area between turning vehicles and pedestrians is highlighted in pink.A car turns left around a complete hardened centerline treatment, helping the driver to see a pedestrian walking in the crosswalk. Location is Grand Ave & West Burnside Ave in the Bronx, NY.
                               Grand Avenue & West Burnside Avenue, Bronx

Slow Turn Wedge (Left & Right Turns)

Installed where one-way road meets a one-way road

Xổ số hỗn hợp hôm nayThe Slow Turn Wedge treatment consists of "No Parking" markings as well as a marked slow turn wedge/box coupled with flexible plastic posts or rubber speed bumps. Since 2016 this treatment has been installed at 77 locations citywide, including Lexington Avenue and 33rd Street in Manhattan.

Diagram showing an intersection of a one-way street to one-way road, with arrows showing where cars start to turn and where they end up after turning. The particular treatment shown here can be applied to calm both left and right turns. The conflict area between turning vehicles and pedestrians is highlighted in pink.A car turns left around a slow turn wedge treatment with yellow markings and rubber speed bumps near the corner of the intersection. The driver slows down, turns wide, and sees pedestrians in the crosswalk before completing their turn.
                               Lexington Avenue & 33rd Street, Manhattan

Bike Island Channelization (Left Turns)

Installed where one-way road meets a one-way with a protected bike lane

The Bike Island Channelization treatment is only installed adjacent to existing bike islands. It consists of a Bike Island Channelization box with flexible plastic posts or rubber speed bumps. Since 2017 this treatment has been installed at 31 citywide locations, including First Avenue and 92nd Street in Manhattan.

Diagram showing an intersection of a one-way street to a major one-way road, with arrows showing where cars start to turn and where they end up after turning. The particular treatment shown here can only be applied in intersections that have bike islands and curbside bike lanes.. The conflict area between turning vehicles and pedestrians is highlighted in pink.A green taxi turns left around a painted yellow area with flexible posts, helping the driving to slow down and turn wide.
                                 First Avenue & 92nd Street, Manhattan

Left Turn Traffic Calming: Bike Island Channelization Video

Video Description: A red car slows down as it approaches an intersection, puts on turn signal, begins to turn left and stops to allow for pedestrians to finish crossing the street. The red car drives on once the crosswalk is clear. Traffic signals change & cross traffic moves.

Safety Results

In New York City intersections pedestrian injuries have decreased by 20% where Turn Calming treatments have been implemented, declining faster than nearby comparable locations. Additional results from Turn Calming locations:

  • Median left turn speeds have decreased by 54.3%
  • Average left turn speeds have decreased by 52.6%
  • 85th percentile left turn speeds have decreased by 59.8%
  • Maximum left turn speeds have decreased by 37.7%
  • Median right turn speeds have decreased by 32.7%
  • Average right turn speeds have decreased by 34.1%
  • 85th percentile right turn speeds have decreased by 47.2%
  • Maximum right turn speeds have decreased by 48.7%

Xổ số hỗn hợp hôm nayVehicles are making safer turns as well; the rate of crossing the double yellow line while turning has dropped by 78.9% for locations that have a treatment extending to the stop bar and 100% for locations that have a treatment extending all the way to the crosswalk.

2021 Program Planning

NYC DOT is currently planning Phase 6 of this program, selecting additional intersections for treatment installation across the city.